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In most families, the dishwasher runs at least once a day. This makes this home appliance one of the most important helpers in the kitchen. Hardly anyone can imagine cleaning dishes, glasses, cups and pots by hand. In addition to the enormous time savings score the modern dishwasher with a minimum energy and water consumption. If you take a little more time to select the right dishwasher, you benefit from individual settings and smart washing programs.
Partially integrable, built-under , single- flush or deco-compatible: In the following guide we explain the most important technical terms and criteria that decide when buying a dishwasher. In addition, we present you the best dishwasher in comparison. The main focus is on the energy and water consumption, the programs and the innovative functions that pay off in everyday kitchen life. Whether the Stiftung Warentest has already carried out a dishwasher test, we tell you at the end of the guide.
When does a dishwasher make sense?
In the meantime, kitchen sinks and dishwashers share a drain in almost all kitchens and do the cleaning of plates, cups, glasses, pans, bowls and pots. Hardly anyone would like to invest time in washing dishes by hand. It is convenient to place the dishes in the dishwasher basket in a few moments and activate the next cycle at the push of a button.
The innovative devices not only avoid rinsing hands. They are able to recoup their own purchase price. In fact, you can save money with the right dishwasher. The leading manufacturers such as Beko, Bauknecht and Bosch are investing in the development of innovative technologies that use sensors to calculate the same amount of energy and water needed for the next wash cycle.
The dishwasher we distinguish different types. There are free-standing, semi-integrated, fully integrated dishwashers, under-counter dishwashers and table-top dishwashers. All types work according to one principle: You put your dirty dishes and cutlery in the dishwasher to take it out clean and dry after the rinsing process. Rather, your own kitchen and capacity make the difference that decides when buying a dishwasher.
Advantages & Disadvantages of the dishwasher:
- Economical in water and energy consumption
- High time savings: Efficient cleaning performance
- Broad range of programs
- Thorough cleaning of dishes, cutlery, glasses and pots
- Clear LC display
- From energy efficiency class A ++ relatively high purchase price
- Eco programs with a running time of up to 4 hours
- Large dishwashers take up a lot of space in the kitchenette
FAQ: The most important questions about the dishwasher
When was the first dishwasher available?
The invention of the dishwasher dates back to the year 1886 and Josephine Cochrane. The US American filed a patent for a dishwasher that used water pressure to clean cutlery and dishes. Officially, the first dishwasher in Chicago at the 1893 World’s Fair saw the light of day. So here we are dealing with a relatively new invention, but it has considerably simplified the entire household routine.
What temperature reaches a dishwasher?
In the standard washing programs and in the main wash program, the temperatures of most dishwashers are between 65 and 70 degrees Celsius. So some dishwashing detergents need a certain temperature before they can develop their full cleaning effect. You should take a look at the leaflet leaflet to select the appropriate program and flush away any grease and debris.
How much does a load in the dishwasher cost me?
Especially the modern devices work in very high energy efficiency classes and consume minimal amounts of energy and water per run. In fact, many consumers here appreciate and still think they would be better advised to wash by hand. However, investing in an innovative dishwasher helps everyday life become more efficient. A full charge should therefore be at prices of about 0.50 euros. This includes the detergents, the water and the energy. Not to be underestimated is the saving of time, when they no longer stand at the sink, but only press a button.
What is a place setting?
A place setting is a set number of cutlery and dishes. In accordance with EN 50242, we are dealing with a standardized size that has been measured in advance and codified. This allows you to compare the capacity of the dishwasher.
What sizes are there with dishwashers?
The common standard of dishwashers comes in width to 60 centimeters and fits into most kitchens. In any case, the new dishwasher should fit the worktop and cabinet. If the device width drops to 45 centimeters, we speak of a mini dishwasher. These special devices were designed for the single household. Upwards, the capacity increases according to the number of users, so that extended families also have the opportunity to find the right size for the dishwasher.
Which dishwasher height to choose?
In contrast to the width of the dishwasher are two heights to choose from. After all, most consumers are bound to the standardized height of the worktop and can not freely decide on the height of the unit. In the trade 86 centimeters and 81 centimeters are available. Before you buy you should definitely measure, so it does not cause problems during installation.
What connections do I need for a dishwasher?
Before opening the valve, place a bucket below it. Finally, some water can run out. Use a pipe wrench for this purpose and then screw this valve tight. The fresh tap water enters the dishwasher via the supply hose. The dirty rinse water flows through the drain hose directly into the drain of the sink. Again, there is a corresponding outflow. If this connection is missing, an intermediate piece between siphon and drain can be integrated.
How much water does a dishwasher use?
A rinse requires about 5 to 7 liters of water. When rinsing by hand, it is between 13 and 15 liters. Are then still fat-smear pans or pots here, increases the water consumption in hand washing. To the same extent, the amount of detergent increases by rinsing by hand. In the dishwasher, it does not matter how many grease-smeared pots are included in the rinse cycle.
What is the AquaStop function?
AquaStop protects you from disastrous water damage. Through the use of specific inlet hoses and valves, the dishwasher detects every minute leak. For this, the manufacturer relies on a solenoid valve, which immediately blocks the supply via the control. Furthermore. Because the high quality water hoses with a double band in structure. If now the inner hose burst, the water runs first into the outer hose and not directly into the flat.
Buying guide dishwasher: What should be considered?
The size of the dishwasher is one of the main factors when it comes to choosing a dishwasher. Dishwashers with a width of 45 centimeters are suitable for smaller families, while the dishwasher with a width of 60 centimeters are ideal for a family of 4. Last but not least, capacity utilization plays an important role. In this context, you should determine the respective flushing volumes and orientate yourself at the purchase of the capacities of the devices.
The energy efficiency class: What consumes the dishwasher?
The energy efficiency class makes it easy for consumers to compare their respective consumption levels. According to the specifications of the European Union, the manufacturers are obliged to mark the devices with the EU energy label. Since 1998, this indicator is clearly visible on a number of household appliances. If you buy a dishwasher today, you can also logically assess consumption based on the EU energy consumption label.
The energy class determine the manufacturer in relation to the eco program of the dishwasher. The austerity programs score with a shorter duration and correspondingly lower energy and water consumption than the intensive program. The product data sheet of the dishwasher gives you more detailed information, which you can find in the online shop via the detailed product description. Here you will find the power consumption, the water consumption, the maximum load and the drying efficiency class.
Equipment of the dishwasher
In the interior there are sometimes enormous differences. The common standard in most cases includes the cutlery basket, which fits in the lower part of the student. Other devices use a cutlery drawer. Particularly useful are the adjustable baskets, because so also soup pots and pans find their place in the dishwasher.
As a rule, the dishwashers are equipped with so-called “rows of spikes” in which you can insert smaller plates or saucers. Fold the rows of barbs, you will get a flat shelf if necessary. Place the plates in parallel rows in the respective rows of plates so that you can thoroughly clean them during the next round. The individual plates should not touch each other or lie directly on top of each other. Make sure that the cleaner and the hot water are really every cutlery part.
Noise level of the dishwasher
The volume of the dishwasher is a purchase criterion. If the students run every day, you should not disturb everyday life and best not notice it at all. The manufacturers are working on the lowest possible noise level, which is best not to exceed 46 decibels. An alternative would be to activate the dishwasher at night.
Cleaning: dishwasher does not wash clean
Most problems and mistakes can already be cleared out of the way by the right load. Thus, in the lower basket in most cases, a plastic propeller. This I must be able to move freely in any case. Otherwise, the water can not spread throughout the basket. Now place too high plates or pots in this area and hinder the rotation, does not wash the machine clean.
But in most cases, a dirty dishwasher is to blame for the waning performance. In any case, you should clean the entire interior regularly. The dishwasher is actually responsible for the cleanliness in the kitchen, but is treated by most users more than caring when it comes to regular cleaning.
How do you best clean a dishwasher?
The following cleaning cycle should let even heavily soiled dishwashers sparkle clean again:
- Sprinkle soda on the bottom of the empty dishwasher.
- Fill vinegar essence into the powder compartment.
- Run the standard program at a high temperature without auditioning.
- After cooling, open the machine. Also open the kitchen window as there will be strong smelling vinegar vapors.
What is the rinse aid for?
The rinse aid improves the drying performance of this dishwasher. About a special metered opening, the machine then gives only a few milliliters of Glasschülers in the last game operation. Therefore, this game is known as a rinse.
What is the dishwasher salt responsible for?
In principle, dishwasher salt is nothing but sodium chloride. These ingredients are also found in sea salt and ordinary table salt. In contrast, the dishwasher salt dispenses with carbonate and iron. That would put the hardness of the water up and could damage the dishes.
By using dishwasher salt, you activate ion exchange. Basically, you can dramatically improve the washing results by using dishwasher salt and counteract limescale. How much dishwasher salt to put in the dishwasher? The respective amount depends on the dishwasher. You can put new salt into the dishwasher as soon as they recognize limescale on the dishes.
How can I descale my dishwasher?
Depending on the water hardness, it is necessary to descale regularly. Natron also helps as the all-rounder in the household. In principle, all you have to do is sprinkle two tablespoons of the white powder on the floor and let the machine run dry in a short cycle. In the dishwasher, it does not matter how many grease-smeared pots are included in the rinse cycle.
Is there a dishwasher test at Stiftung Warentest?
Stiftung Warentest has taken a total of 86 dishwashers under the microscope . Built-in appliances and floor appliances, narrow and wide dishwashers. The endurance test of Stiftung Warentest has the advantage that over the years you can keep track of the available dishwashers. The experts still know that the economical A +++ devices are a very good choice. Especially in the purchase price they are often barely above the A ++ dishwashers. The savings on the years calculated neat to book.
The experts advise you to have a dishwasher connected by a specialist. This can check if the drain hose is really secure. In this context, keep in mind that you will lose the warranty on new equipment if you do not properly connect it. For the operation the dishwashers absolutely need soft water. Hard water leaves unsightly white deposits on the dishes and minimizes cleaning performance. In this case you should use softener salt or dishwasher salt. Many of the multitabs deliver a lot of salt, which is perfectly adequate for decalcification, depending on the common water hardness.
The 6 golden rinse rules of the Stiftung Warentest
- Regularly remove the coarse food particles with a kitchen towel and place in the organic waste. Otherwise, the leftovers are deposited inside the dishwasher.
- Dishwashersafe dishes should never be rinsed or cleaned by hand, but should be put into the machine immediately. That saves energy.
- Put the dishes in the dishwasher so that the hot water gets everywhere.
- Only set the machine fully loaded.
- Dose the rinse aid and the cleaner according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Only use the economy program or the eco-wash program in everyday life
In October 2019, the experts of Stiftung Warentest also devoted themselves to dishwashing detergents for the dishwasher. The testers took a total of 19 different tabs and powders in detail under the microscope. The tested products were Classic Tabs and Classic Powders. These are detergents that, unlike the multi-tabs, do not require rinse aid and salts for softening. In addition to the cleaning performance, in which only two products convinced, it was also about certain environmental properties. You can read this in detail on this page against payment of a contribution to expenses.
In the verdict Stiftung Warentest comes to the realization that only one product manages to rinse cleanly and at the same time to protect the environment. Interestingly, this tab with a price of 13 cents per wash is also the most expensive. The best good powder in turn only devours 3 cents per wash. Among other things, the test aimed to dissolve burnt milk skin in glasses or to remove dried minced meat, pasta or egg dishes on plates or stainless steel plates.
Did Öko Test carry out a dishwasher test?
Öko Test has not tested any dishwashers in the test. If a test report will be published in the future, we will inform you here. The experts have rather dealt with the energy-efficient household appliances and in this context, dishwashers, washing machines, refrigerators and freezers checked by the electricity meter. This is why the innovative technologies finance themselves almost automatically. Be it universal programs, touch control or eco: many consumers lose track of the variety of technical terms.